Professor Maureen Mackintosh, Open University
Start Date: Jun 2012 | End Date: Mar 2015
This project studies the supply chains of essential medicines, medical equipment and supplies from local industries, and imports into the health systems in Tanzania and Kenya. Shortages and the high cost of health-related commodities are persistent causes of exclusionary and poor quality health care in low-income Africa.
The research hypothesis is that better integration between industrial and health policies could contribute to higher employment, industrial upgrading, and improved health system performance and accessibility. If this is correct, improved industrial production - higher productivity, more appropriate and cheaper products, and innovative production methods - could improve health service performance while raising economic output: in other words, contribute to inclusive growth.
The project will interview heath facilities, shops and wholesalers in all sectors, in urban and rural contexts, about their procurement practices and problems. Mapping of supply chains will be followed by data collection at firm level. Private sector businesses and policy makers, and health sector managers and policy makers, will debate the scope for more integrated policy making.
Policy brief: Reversing Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Decline in Tanzania
Policy brief: Improving Locally Manufactured Supplies to the Tanzanian Health Sector
Working Paper: The Tanzanian health sector as buyer and user of medicines and other essential supplies
Working Paper: Improving the Supply Chain for the Health Sector: What Role for Local Manufacturing?
Working Paper: Local supply chains for medicines and medical supplies in Kenya: Understanding the challenges
Journal article: Local production of pharmaceuticals in Africa and access to essential medicines
Journal article: Spotlight on pharmaceutical pricing regulation in Kenya: how much does it really contribute to access?
Journal article: Pharmaceutical manufacturing in Kenya: Key trends and developments
Policy brief: Value-added Tax in the Pharmaceutical Industry: What does it really mean for Kenya's industrialisation?
Policy brief: From Passive to Active Industrial Policy: Improving Locally Manufactured Supplies to the Tanzanian Health Sector
Book: Making Medicines in Africa, the political economy of industralizing for local health
Video: Sam Wangwe on REPOA & economic transformation in Tanzania
Impact story: Supporting innovation and the private sector in inclusive African development
Report: Submission to UN High-Level Panel on access to medicines
Video: Making medicines in Africa
Background paper: Health as a productive sector: integrating health and industrial policy